Posted by yueke at 4/10/2016 8:26:24 PM
A political and cultural center for many dynasties, Jiangsu has a long history and a brilliant culture, especially a large number of cultural heritages. Geographically, traditional culture can be divided into Wu Culture centered in Suhou, Wuxi and Changzhou, Jinling Culture centered in Nanning and Zhenjiang, Huaiyang Culture centered in Yangzhou, and Chuhan Culture centered in Xuzhou and Huaihe.
Dialectally, the province can be divided into two main dialect regions: one is Jianghuai dialect region, located in the north of Yangtze River and west of Zhenjiang, the other is Wu dialect region, located in the south of Yangtze River and east of Zhenjiang (exclusive Zhenjiang) and Nantong and Taizhou.
Suzhou dialect is the typical representation of Wu dialect. There are diverse native operas and a large number of opera stars in Jiangsu. Currently, more than 20 operas are in operation, mainly including Kun Style Opera, Xi Style Opera, Huai Style Opera, Yang Style Opera, Clownery Opera, Huaihai Opera, Liuqing Opera, and Bangzi Opera. Known also as Kunqiang or Kunqu, Kun Style Opera is one of the oldest forms of opera still existing in China, and was regarded as the earliest ancestor of all operas and has greatly influenced Peking Opera and other local operas.
On May 18, 2001, it was listed into Masterpieces of The Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. In addition to that, there are 15 folk art forms with Jiangsu Characteristics, mainly including Suzhou Storytelling and Ballad Singing, Yangzhou Storytelling and Ballad Singing, Xuzhou Story-telling, Huai Drum, and Nanjing Baiju.
Stringed and Woodwind Music is the most representative folk music with A piece of Jasmine Flower, Pulling out a Reed Catkin, and the Moon Reflected on the Spring as its representation. Folk dancing such as Festive Lantern and Fan Dancing are very popular among people.